August 8, 2017 | Daily Monitoring Report

Main Story

Somali Pirates Get Seven Year Jail Sentence In India

08 August – Source:  Mumbai Mirror – 259 Words

Sixteen Somali pirates were held guilty and sentenced to seven years imprisonment by the sessions court on Monday. They were arrested six years ago near Lakswadeep Islands for hijacking a merchant vessel. Additional Sessions Judge Jayendra Jagdale convicted them on charges of attempted murder, kidnapping, as well as sections under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) and fined them Rs 14,000 each.

Following a treaty signed between Somalia and India on Tuesday, the pirates will be deported to Somalia once they have served their sentence. Lodged in Navi Mumbai’s Taloja Prison, the pirates are part of a group of 120 Somali pirates apprehended by the Coast Guard and the Indian Navy in four separate anti-piracy operations undertaken between January and March 2011. The accused have been tried in four different cases.

This is the second such conviction involving the pirates. Last week, 15 pirates were held guilty and sentenced to seven years in prison. In the present case, the pirates were acquitted of the graver charge of murder, as there was no clarity on who had fired at the person on the pirate’s boat. During the operation, several nationals from Iran and Pakistan were rescued, but they did not depose before the court. According to the prosecution, a vessel called MV Morteza left from Chah Bahar in Iran in late 2010. The ship was hijacked from Seychelles, and its Pakistani and Iranian crew were taken hostage. They were first taken to Somalia where the ship was loaded with weapons, and these were later used to hijack other vessels.

Key Headlines

  • Somali Pirates Get Seven Year Jail Sentence In India (Mumbai Mirror)
  • Constitutional Affairs Ministry Engages Stakeholders In Developing Civic Education Strategies (Goobjoog News)
  • 2 Civilians Killed By Member of Parliament Bodyguards (Radio Dalsan)
  • Suspected Killer Of Former Bari Deputy Governor Apprehended (Radio Dalsan)
  • Sea Princess Turned Into ‘Ghost Ship’ To Avoid Somali Pirate Attacks During Cruise (International Business Times)
  • Outdated Laws And Weak Tax Regime An Impediment To Domestic Revenue Mobilisation-World Bank (Goobjoog News)

NATIONAL MEDIA

Constitutional Affairs Ministry Engages Stakeholders In Developing Civic Education Strategies

08 August – Source: Goobjoog News – 241 Words

A consultation conference on developing civic education and outreach strategies on the constitutional review process entered the second day in Mogadishu today under the auspices of the Constitutional Affairs Ministry. The ministry said the conference will engage various stakeholders in the review process to develop a unified civic education framework which will be adopted for use as the review process continues. “Today it’s our pleasure  to open this meeting in Mogadishu meant to lay down strategies on civic education and constitutional review. We were capable together with the Ministry’s personnel to prepare the strategies but we opted to share with the regional governments and the civil society on their inputs,’ Constitutional Affairs Minister Abdirahman Hosh Jibril said yesterday during the official opening of the conference.

The conference will today involve members of the civil society drawn from various parts of the country. The constitutional review process is expected to be completed in time to pave way for the one-person one-vote in 2020. Upon completion of the review, the supreme document will be subjected to a referendum for final public vote before it is promulgated officially by the President. The Federal Parliament yesterday appointed Senator Abdi Hassan Qabydiid as chair of the joint Constitutional Review Committee made up of ten members from the Senate and the Lower House. Female legislators however protested the election and walked out after it emerged the committee was made up of mainly male lawmakers only.


2 Civilians Killed By Member of Parliament Bodyguards

07 August – Source: Radio Dalsan – 60 words

Bodyguards of Somali Federal Parliament legislator MP Samra Ibrahim on Monday, shot dead two civilians in Mogadishu. The civilians were part of a protest by Tri Cycles called (Bajaaj) taxis along the busy Makkah al-Mukarama road.  The two other civilians also were injured in this latest  attack. MP Samra’s bodyguards were later disarmed and detained by the Stabilization Security Forces.


Suspected Killer Of Former Bari Deputy Governor Apprehended

08 August – Source: Dalsan Radio – 87 Words

The suspected killer of former Bari Deputy Governor was apprehended following a major security operation carried out by Puntland security forces in Bosaso neighborhoods. Khadar Ismail Kaba’adde was gunned down in the commercial port town of Bosaso on Monday under unknown circumstances. Confirming the arrest to local media, Bari Police Chief, Abdihakin Yusuf Hussein, said the suspect was in custody and awaiting for furthering questioning. He said the perpetrator will soon be taken to court. However, some say the killing of Kaba’adde was related to clan retaliation.

INTERNATIONAL MEDIA

Sea Princess Turned Into ‘Ghost Ship’ To Avoid Somali Pirate Attacks During Cruise

08 August – Source: International Business Times – 484 Words

The captain of a cruise ship en route to Dubai from Sydney ordered the crew and passengers to switch off music and lights for 10 days to reduce the risk of assaults by pirates off the coast of Somalia. Gennaro Arma, Captain of the Sea Princess, operated by the Princess Cruises line, implemented a dusk-to-dawn ban on activities on the deck during the cruise.

The near 2,000-strong passenger contingent also had to attend a pirate drill. Carolyne Jasins, who was on board of the Sea Princess as a guest speaker, told local news site News.com she feltt she was on a “ghost ship.” “For 10 days we travelled through an area where the risk of piracy is higher — the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Suez Canal,” she explained. It is not clear when the 104-day-long cruise took place.

“All around the ship, as the sun set, all curtains were drawn and all shutters closed. Bright lights, which normally signal the presence of the Sea Princess on the ocean, were dimmed or turned off altogether,” she continued. “It was made very clear on the Sea Princess, very quickly, that this pirate threat was not something to be joked about”.

OPINION, ANALYSIS AND CULTURE

“Despite these shortcomings, the government has registered remarkable progress thanks to reforms in various sectors. For example, the automation of the property transfer tax led to a 74% revenue increase in four monthssince inception with average income rising from US$52,300 to US$91,100.”

Outdated Laws And Weak Tax Regime An Impediment To Domestic Revenue Mobilisation-World Bank

07 August – Source: Goobjoog News – 547 Words

An outdated legal framework coupled with almost nonexistent administration remains a major impediment to domestic revenue mobilization in Somalia, the World Bank has said calling for dedicated review of legal frameworks both at federal and state level. The Bank said in its second Economic Update for Somalia revenue collection is stifled by laws dating back 20 years when Somalia was a unitary state, poor enforcement and lack of clarity on revenue assignment in the Provisional Constitution among a host of legal bottlenecks.

“Laws based on a system in place when Somalia was a unitary state are not practical in a federal system of government and will be not possible to enforce beyond the capital city without clear parameters for revenue assignments negotiated by stakeholders and established in the constitution,” the report said. The legal basis of taxation is also not fully established, the Bank said hence taxes on imports are based on weight, volume or unit basis denying the government the right amounts of revenue. It proposes a value based system where taxes will be calculated based on the value of the imports. The same applies to taxes on companies such as the telecommunication sector which pay lump sum of $4.8 million annually, the profit margins notwithstanding.

The Provisional Constitution is also not clear on revenue assignment and clarification of taxation powers, the report says noting, ‘it provides general guidance that revenue raising responsibility should be assigned to the level of government that can handle it most effectively’. Article 50 (f) of the Provisional Constitution reads: The responsibility for the raising of revenue shall be given to the level of government where it is likely to be most effectively exercised.

Legislations: A number laws critical to revenue collection and management are yet to be passed making it difficult to realize a reformed tax regime. For example, the report singles out the Public Finance Management Bill approved by Cabinet early last year but is yet to be debated by the House while the National Audit Bill is yet to receive the President’s assent. “Parliament approved the National Audit Bill in the first quarter of 2016; it has been sitting on the president’s desk since then.”

Lack of clarity in functional assignment between the Federal Government and member states and absence of fiscal relations between the two entities has resulted in cases of double taxation, retention of revenues by states instead of sharing with the federal government and lack of an objective criteria of allocation of funds to units below the state such as districts. Despite these shortcomings, the government has registered remarkable progress thanks to reforms in various sectors. For example, the automation of the property transfer tax led to a 74% revenue increase in four months since inception with average income rising from US $52,300 to US $ 91,100.

The government has also restructured the Revenue Department creating the positions of Permanent Secretary and Director General of Revenue. This is a departure from the past where there were two tax directorates- Inland Revenue Directorate and Customs Revenue Directorate led by separate directors both reporting to the Director General of the Ministry of Finance.

Under the new structure, Directors of both the Inland Revenue Directorate and the Customs revenue Directorate now report to the Director General of Revenue. This new structure has improved the coordination and sharing of resources of the two directorates and given issues of revenue mobilization prominence within the Ministry.

TOP TWEETS

@HassanIstiila#UPDATE: Many properties were reported burnt to ashes after a huge fire has engulfed #Somalia‘s biggest market in Mogadishu on overnight.

@HarunMaruf: Fire engulfed shoe stores in Mogadishu’s Bakara market overnight. @@ThabitMhd speaks to rescuers, traders shortly after the fire was put out

@VLorenzoEU: Veronique Lorenzo Retweeted Sagal Bihi. How can such an important Committee have no representative from 50% of the population? Women have the right to a voice

@Rooble2009: Somaliland: Fistfight at the Parliament btw MPs supporting the new speaker and others opposing the results. Police contained the situation

@AbdulBillowAli: This Somali website is reporting of a top meeting between former #Somalia Prez’s HSM & Sheikh Sharif in #Kampala. http://www.jowhar.com/2017/08/07/madaxweynayaashi-hore-soomaaliya-sheekh-shariif-iyo-xasan-sheekh-oo-heshiis-dhex-maray-sawiro/

@HarunMaruf: Security guards of a govt minister involved in another deadly shooting in Mogadishu: reports

@HarunMaruf: 2 people were killed after protesters were fired upon by the bodyguards of Samra Omar (deputy minister for women’s affairs), Mogadishu: source

@MikaelLindvall: Recruitment of children into any armed group or force is a despicable crime: https://www.voanews.com/a/somali-children-seek-refuge-al-shabab-coastal-town-adale/3975825.html … @MinisterWHRD @UNSomalia@AfricaSweMFA

@HassanIstiila: #UPDATE: Many properties were reported burnt to ashes after a huge fire has engulfed #Somalia‘s biggest market in Mogadishu on overnight.

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IMAGE OF THE DAY

Image of the dayConstitutional Affairs minister Abdirahman Jibril oversees plenary session in ongoing consultative conference in Mogadishu.

 

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