August 10, 2017 | Daily Monitoring Report

Main Story

19 Killed In Clashed Between Somali Militias

10 August – Source: VOA – 297 Words

At least 19 militants have been killed in daylong fighting in the western Somali region of Bakool. The clashes Wednesday took place between al-Shabab militants and fighters loyal to former al-Shabab leader Mukhtar Robow. Officials said an al-Shabab onslaught early in the morning forced Robow’s loyalists to retreat from Abal village. But they later returned to beat back their attackers in a midday counter offensive. ‘A lot of people are dead’

Mohamed Hassan Fiqi, the acting president of Southwestern region, said, “They have repulsed al-Shabab quite well; in the morning it appeared they were going to be overwhelmed but they counter attacked and defended their base.” Officials said 13 al-Shabab fighters and six Robow loyalists were killed in the clashes. “A lot of people are dead,” Fiqi told VOA Somali. Security sources told VOA Somali that al-Shabab spent months trying oust Robow. The former leader defected from the terrorist group in 2013. Since then the Islamist militia has been giving Robow ultimatums to leave the area and surrender.

Robow has also reportedly rejected offers from regional officials to leave the area and surrender to the Somali government.  The U.S. and Somali government had offered a $5 million bounty for Robow since 2012. That reward was withdrawn in June after the U.S. removed him from the list of terrorists after consultations with the Somali government.

Key Headlines

  • 19 Killed In Clashed Between Somali Militias (VOA)
  • Parliament Summons Foreign Affairs Minister Over Appointment Of Ambassadors (Goobjoog News)
  • Benadir Regional Administration Announces Public Financial Management Reform Program (Jowhar.com)
  • Two People Killed In Landmine Attack In Southern Somalia (Xinhua Net)
  • How One Woman Brought Life-saving Maternity Care To Somaliland (PBS Newshour)
  • Dormant Somali Parliament (Jowhar.com)

NATIONAL MEDIA

Parliament Summons Foreign Affairs Minister Over Appointment Of Ambassadors

10 August – Source: Goobjoog News – 244 Words

Parliament has summoned Foreign Affairs Minister Yusuf Garad to explain how the government plans to implement the 2013 Foreign Service Law which among others describes procedures for appointment of ambassadors. Twelve MPs filed a motion Wednesday seeking the Minister’s appearance in the House as President Mohamed Farmaajo starts the appointment of new envoys. So far the President has announced the appointment of ambassadors to the UN (Abukar Dahir Osman), Turkey (Jama Aidiid) and the UK (Abdirahman Aynte). The ambassadors must be approved by parliament before posting.

The MP have raised two issues regarding the law. First, they want the minister to explain the implementation of the law and, secondly the timelines of the implementation. In particular, they  want directions on articles 1 (b) and 4. The former article notes that the appointment of ambassadors shall be based on a power sharing formula which for this case takes into consideration for the clan distribution formula. Article 4 on the other hand lists the requirements and qualifications for anyone to be appointed as ambassador. For example one must have a recognised university degree and that political appointees must have stayed in the ministry of foreign affairs for at least two months to gain experience. Ambassadors can only stay in one country for a period of four years as stipulated by the law. The article also makes reference to article 3 which lists other qualification such knowledge of at least one foreign languages French, English or Arabic.


Benadir Regional Administration Announces Public Financial Management Reform Program

10 August – Source: Jowhar.com – 260 Words

As part of effort to provide better services to the people, Benadir Regional Administration (BRA) today officially launched for the first time a program for Public Financial Management (PFM) reform. The PFM reform program is part of the administrative Change Management (CM) Plan adopted by the new BRA administration. Since coming to office in April 2017, the new BRA administration has worked to develop and adopt a Financial Management Information System (FMIS) for Banadir Region and Mogadishu Municipality.

The BRA using FMIS platform to started full operational on July 01, 2017. Through FMIS, the BRA administration aims to ensure efficient, effective, transparent and accountable use of public resources to serve the social welfare needs of its citizens. “Our overall mission of PFM reform is to effectively engage our people in the region and bring services closer to them,” said Thabit Mohamed, Governor of Banadir Region and Mayor of Mogadishu. “BRA for the first time since 1991 has implemented and published a comprehensive budget for the second half of 2017. This is an important step for the region as it sets the foundation for the financial reforms” said Maluka Abdulkadir, Deputy Mayor.

“The Federal Government of Somalia, commends and encourages this noteworthy achievement, especially with the new BRA leadership just celebrating 100 days in office. Moreover, the FMIS will deliver good governance which is in compliance with the national pillar of accountability and transparency,” said H.E Mahdi Mohamed Guled, Deputy Prime Minister of FGS. The BRA FMIS platform is completely self-funded and self-determined initiative to demonstrate the administration’ political commitment.

INTERNATIONAL MEDIA

Two People Killed In Landmine Attack In Southern Somalia

09 August – Source: Xinhuanet – 149 Words

At least two people were killed in a landmine explosion in the coastal city of Kismayo in southern Somalia Wednesday evening. Police said the two were traveling in a car heading to Kismayo, capital of Jubbaland state when their vehicle hit a landmine. “We have established that two people died in the landmine after their car ran into a landmine. Security officials are already conducting investigations in the area,” Nuradin Adan, a police officer told Xinhua.

Residents reported a huge blast in the area. “At first we thought it was car bomb but learnt that a vehicle had hit a landmine on the road. Some people among them a female were killed,” said Zakariye Shidane. The Al-Qaeda affiliated group Al-Shabaab has carried out several attacks in the region targeting government forces and African Union forces convoys operating in the region. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack.


How One Woman Brought Life-saving Maternity Care To Somaliland

09 August – Source: PBS Newshour – Video: 7:18 Minutes

Somaliland, a region of Somalia that lay in ruin from years of war, suffers some of the world’s highest rates of infant and maternal mortality. But 15 years ago, Edna Adan fulfilled a lifelong dream by building a nonprofit hospital and nursing school to address the health needs of women.

OPINION, ANALYSIS AND CULTURE

“The culture of creating constructive cooperation and compromise avoids the tendency of deep political polarization and infighting within Parliament and in the public. A responsible parliament encourages public debates on issues related with broken promises and reconciling many issues related to public policies. It also needs to understand the powerful influence of interacting with civic institutions such as political parties, interest groups, civic associations, and media, so that tabloidization of negative and sensational views remain unpopular.”

Dormant Somali Parliament

09 August – Source: Jowhar.com – 1038 Words

The purpose of the Somali Parliament is to provide local representation in government at different levels – in the Senate and House. The central charge of Parliament is to represent the diverse interests of the Somali people, particularly safeguarding liberty and freedom, enacting legislation, and promoting democracy. There are three major branches of government in Somalia Parliament, Executive, and judiciary. Parliament has the greatest influence among these governing powers in democratic society. It must maintain the balance of power and insure that no one branch of government dominates. In addition, Parliament is responsible for oversight of the other branches.

Despite these checks and balances, the Somali Parliament encounters many difficulties. It is burdened by the commitments of serving foreign interests, ill-conceived motions of impeachments, and self-serving interests of members who pursue soft money vote-paying, lucrative political careers in executive branch, and publicity efforts to win reelection. Those controversial values, combined with unethical behaviors of political bribery, reflect an unsympathetic public perception against the reputation of Parliament.

Parliament appears to be messy, slow, divided, and unfocused on the issues important to public services. The lack of resources often creates great obstacles that makes Parliament appear to be unfit to do its work. The ineffectiveness leads to public frustration and negative attitudes that threaten the effectiveness of its decisions and long-term survival. The failure to properly oversee the proper functions of other branches of government contributes dissatisfaction and extremely low approval ratings. No doubt, oversight creates unfriendly situations and can cost enormous uneasiness with members who are seeking support for their bid for reelection. Without proper oversight of the legality of presidential decisions, the president acts under the doctrine of only one greater executive power and takes ownership of important legislative powers that belong to Parliament.

It’s well known that the officials in the executive branch are unwilling to share sensitive information with Parliament to keep Parliament uninformed of executive branch activities. One of Parliament’s non-legislative function is the obligation to utilize its power to investigate the executive branch. The national capital in Mogadishu is a national district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the direct authority of the Parliament. The Banadir regional state is expected to donate land to create a national district with an independent municipal government.

The district hosts the headquarters of all the national government institutions, national monuments, foreign embassies, international organizations, and civil society professional associations. Parliament has the sole responsibility to form the national district in Banadir region, the seat of the national government. The people in the Banadir regional state have the right to elect their representatives in their local state administration and in the national parliament. The residents in the national district elect their mayor and council that govern the district, but have no representation in Parliament. Parliament is obligated to make decisions for the fate of Mogadishu and respect the rights of its citizens.

TOP TWEETS

@HarunMaruf: Chief of Staff at @TheVillaSomalia tells ministers, MPs and others except @M_Farmaajo to vacate Palace in 14 days, facility to be renovated.

@ACLEDINFO: Is Al Shabaab expanding their activity in#Somalia? Map showing new locations of activity@roudabehkishi

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DGy8gW-U0AMnmMl.jpg

@engyarisow: Somali President @M_Farmaajo awarded Abshir Hashi Ali for his role in keeping the archive of Radio Mogadishu intact during the civil war: https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DGz4O1EXgAMZEv0.jpg

@SomaliaNewsroom: These officers completed training for the#Puntland#Galmudug joint police force in #Galkayo, #Somalia

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DG1m0FjWAAAgO2K.jpg

@TheVillaSomalia: President Mohamed A. Farmaajo has lauded Members of Parliament for unanimously passing the National Communications Act. #NabadIyoNolol

@HarunMaruf: 19 killed in daylong clashes between Al-Shabab and Robow militias in Bakool region. #Somalia https://www.voanews.com/amp/nineteen-killed-in-clashes-between-somali-militias/3979766.html …
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IMAGE OF THE DAY

Image of the dayHis excellency President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo visits Somali National Television offices in Mogadishu.

Photo: Radio Muqdisho

 

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