November 21, 2014 | Morning Headlines.

Main Story

I am not ready for violent motion, Somali Speaker

20 Nov – Source: Radio Bar-kulan/ Radio RBC – 104 words

The speaker of Somali national assembly Professor Mohamed Osman Jawari has said that he is not ready to facilitate a violent motion of no confidence against the Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed. Speaker Jawari described the behaviors of the Somali parliamentarians in the national assembly as “a disgrace” to Somali people saying he expects the members to conduct themselves in a respectable manner. He urged Somali politicians to take part in resolving the political standoff between President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheih Ahmed. Somali national assembly Jawari was speaking during a meeting with Somali politicians in Mogadishu on Wednesday.

Key Headlines

  • Somali teachers’ day marked in Mogadishu (Radio Mogadishu)
  • Heavy rains destroy IDP homes in Mogadishu (Radio Ergo)
  • Pro Sharif Hassan supporters demonstrate in Baidoa (Radio Bar-kulan)
  • High level delegation from Western countries arrive in Somaliland (Somalialand Informer)
  • AU to create rebranded Pan-African Parliament (Africa Review)
  • I am not ready for violent motion Somali Speaker (Radio Bar-kulan)
  • Impunity guaranteed for violence against journalists in Somalia (Reporters Without Borders)
  • Ethiopia consolidates its effort for regional public diplomacy: Amb. Dina (Walta Information Center)
  • Somali entrepreneurs cheer success (Reuters)
  • UK takes up Somalia’s case to Copenhagen: urges political stability (Star Africa/APA)
  • Act cautiously on UPDF allegations in Somalia (New Vision)

SOMALI MEDIA

Heavy rains destroy IDP homes in Mogadishu

20 Nov – Source: Radio Ergo/Radio Dalsan/Radio Goobjoog – 153 words

Dozens of displaced families have been left without shelter after rain destroyed their makeshift houses in Mogadishu. One of the camps affected is Darawishta camp, where at least 20 shelters were washed away. “We had non-stop rain last night and my makeshift house was washed away,” Mano Hussein, a mother of six, told Radio Ergo’s local reporter. She said she was sitting in the open all last night with her 10-month-old baby. Fatuma Adan, 70, also lost her makeshift house in the floods following the rain. She told Radio Ergo she was rescued by neighbours after she shouted for help. Her two granddaughters aged eight and 12 work as house maids to help her cover the basic needs. Madina Abdi, another affected mother, said the rain was still pounding and the flood waters had swamped her hut. The affected IDPs fear that outbreaks of disease will follow the rain, making them even more vulnerable.


I am not ready for violent motion, Somali Speaker

20 Nov – Source: Radio Bar-kulan/RBC – 104 words

The speaker of Somali national assembly Professor Mohamed Osman Jawari has said that he is not ready to facilitate a violent motion of no confidence against the Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed. Speaker Jawari described the behaviors of the Somali parliamentarians in the national assembly as “a disgrace” to Somali people saying he expects the members to conduct themselves in a respectable manner. He urged Somali politicians to take part in resolving the political standoff between President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheih Ahmed. Somali national assembly Jawari was speaking during a meeting with Somali politicians in Mogadishu on Wednesday.


Pro Sharif Hassan supporters demonstrate in Baidoa

20 Nov – Source: Radio Mustaqbal/Radio Bar-kulan/Radio Goobjoog – 106 words

The supporters of newly elected interim south western regional state Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan have peacefully demonstrated in Baidoa. The protest which was attended by the chairman of Baidoa Hassan Maalim Bakole has brought the business in the area to a standstill. Baidoa of chairman has urged the locals to cooperate with the new interim administration to achieve peace and development. He also called upon the new interim administration to closely work with the members of the public to achieve their goal. International community and federal government of Somali has welcomed the election of Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan as the new interim south western regional state.


High level delegation from Western countries arrive in Somaliland

20 Nov – Source: Somalialand Informer – 196 words

A high level delegation consisting of numerous ambassadors and diplomats from Western countries have arrived in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland on Thursday. According to reports, the delegation is to assist the country on development projects and the finalization of the democratic cycle. The delegation is said to stay in Somaliland for short period and once they touched down they were taken to the presidential palace in order to hold face to face meeting with the Head of State Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo. It is said that they will urge president Silanyo to remain vigilant that he must also be cautious not to let the country slide into anarchy and chaos as for instance the case of Somalia which is plagued by insecurity, terrorism and piracy. Other reports said that the current row in the parliament is the main mission of sending the delegation to the country is  to make a major breakthrough to the political standoff in between the government and the speaker of the house of national assembly. Ministers of Foreign Affairs and  Interior have greeted the delegation at Egal airport.


Somali teachers’ day marked in Mogadishu

20 Nov – Source: Radio Mogadishu/Radio Bar-kulan – 119 words

An event to commemorate Somali teachers’ day which was organized by Somali teachers’ union. The event which is celebrated on 21st November every year was held today in Somali capital Mogadishu. The chairman of Somali teachers’ club union Ali Sheikh Abdi has urged teachers to take part in the improvement of the security in the country. Ali called upon the federal government of Somalia and non governmental organization focusing on education sector to improve the status of Somali teachers for quality education to be achieved in the country. He added that Somali teachers deserve awards for the hard work and the resilience they have shown in their work at the height of the civil war in the horn of African state.

REGIONAL MEDIA

Act cautiously on UPDF allegations in Somalia

20 Nov – Source: New Vision – 340 words

On the November 6, 2014, one daily newspaper carried a story of UPDF officers who have been suspended for suspected ‘sexual’ offences while on tour of duty in Somalia. If this story is true, then it is absurd that UPDF leadership has taken such a humiliating and reckless measure against the highly acclaimed senior officers. Reckless because a controversial ethical blind spot is now being erroneously translated into a legal breach, humiliating because of the derogatory and embarrassment implication to officers’ personal respect, command respect and to their families. Nature of offence. Sexual exploitation and Abuse (SEA) is defined by the United Nations (ST/SGB/2003/13) as “any actual or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability, differential power, or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another.


AU to create rebranded Pan-African Parliament

20 Nov – Source: Africa Review – 334 words

The African Union is now finalising plans to establish a 275-member continental parliament whose membership will be drawn from outside the existing national assemblies. Current sitting Pan-African MPs nominated by their national assemblies and senates will be replaced by independently elected members from outside the existing parliaments. Over 100 legislators are meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to discuss the legal instruments for the creation of the rebranded Pan-African Parliament (PAP). The leaders are deliberating on the proposed protocol to the consultative Act of the African Union relating to the Pan-African Parliament, the African charter on democracy, elections and governance. The conference is also discussing the security situation in the East African region, which has been largely been under terror threats from the militant Al-Shaabab group based in Somalia.


Ethiopia consolidates its effort for regional public diplomacy: Amb. Dina

20 Nov – Source: Walta Information Center -322 words

Ethiopia has been exerting a tremendous effort to strengthen regional public diplomacy and ensure peace and stability, Ministry of Foreign Affairs said. Ambassador Dina Mufti, in his briefing of current affairs to journalists said that Ethiopia has done its level best to bring an enduring peace, stability and regional integration. The country follows a win-win approach so that all countries in the region could benefit from mutual cooperation and economic integration, he added. According to the Ambassador, Ethiopia is playing a vital role not only in supporting Somalia in its effort to bring peace and stability but also in other social and economic operations. “Recently about 100 Somali students were given scholarship in various Ethiopian higher learning institutions,” the ambassador added.

INTERNATIONAL MEDIA

Impunity guaranteed for violence against journalists in Somalia

20 Nov – Source: Reporters Without Borders – 652 words

Reporters Without Borders condemns journalist Abdirisak Ali Abdi’s murder on 18 November 2014 in Galkayo, in the northeastern semi-autonomous region of Puntland. This unclaimed killing has yet again highlighted the urgent need to break the cycle of impunity in Somalia, one of the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists. Also known as “Silver,” Abdi was in a restaurant when two gunmen walked in and shot him several times. He died shortly after being rushed to a hospital. He freelanced for various media including Radio Daljir, based in Puntland, and HornCable TV, based in the neighbouring region of Somaliland.


Somali entrepreneurs cheer success

20 Nov – Source: Reuters – 01:46 minutes

After years of conflict, a group of Somali expats have returned home to set up the country’s first soft drinks company. Using a South African brand and locally grown fruit, the company has created its own soda flavours. Melanie Ralph reports


UK takes up Somalia’s case to Copenhagen: urges political stability

20 Nov – Source:  Star Africa/APA – 356 words

The United Kingdom has taken up Somalia’s case to an international meeting underway in the Danish capital, Copenhagen; where London is urging the leadership of the African nation to resolve their political differences and focus on security and stability. The UK Foreign Secretary, Philip Hammond, told the international forum on Thursday, that his country has demonstrated its commitment to Somalia when it co-hosted conferences in London in February 2012 and May 2013 to galvanize the international community into action.

SOCIAL MEDIA

CULTURE / OPINION / EDITORIAL / ANALYSIS / BLOGS/ DISCUSSION BOARDS

“The Horn of Africa region is known for its civil war, terrorism and famine, it’s also home to some of the fastest growing economies in the world with large untapped natural resources. However, there is widespread unemployment, particularly among the youth, pervasive corruption and lack of transparency that are posing huge challenges, hindering economic development of many of the countries in the region.”


Interview with the managing director of HESPI Dr. Ali Issa Abdi

20 Nov – Source: Wardheernews – 653 words

WardheerNews (WDN): Dr. Ali Welcome to WDN, we are delighted to welcome you, before we delve into the interview, could you please share with us a brief background about yourself?

Dr. Ali: I am one of the privileged Somalis who were offered fellowships granted to the Somali state to study at top universities in the United States. Through this opportunity I completed a first degree in economics, an MBA in international Finance, and a PhD in economics at Washington University, St. Louis. I spent several years working with Citi Bank NY, the National Bank of Somalia and teaching at Universities in the United State in the 1970s. I worked at the International Monetary Fund for two decades plus assisting member countries of that institution in sound macroeconomic policy formulation and management. I left the Fund to be a founding member and the Managing Director of the Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI).

November 21, 2014 | Daily Monitoring Report.

Main Story

Security forces conduct operation to clean up roadblocks in Lower Shabelle region

21 Nov – Source: Radio Mogadishu – 224 words

Somali government forces have conducted heavy operation to clean up illegal roadblocks set up by armed militias in the Lower Shabelle region following constant complaints by the farmers and transport owners in the past weeks. Gunmen purporting to be government forces have set up their own roadblocks to collect revenue from civilian transporters accessing the main road between Mogadishu, the country’s capital and the other parts of the Lower Shabelle region resulting high prices on the grocery markets in Mogadishu.

The association of transport owners and drivers have been continuously protesting against the roadblocks where the armed militias demand huge amount of money forcing many transport owners to go on strike. Lower Shabelle officials and the officials of Somali National Army [SNA] on Tuesday announced the fresh operation in which two dozens of armed men were arrested.

The security forces successfully cleared the road between Afgooye town, which is a farmland town and KM-60. Colonel Ahmed Osman Cagey, the commander of SNA in the region said the operation was meant to create safe access for the locals and to make the lives of the civilians very simple. He said the security forces were ordered to deal harshly with the armed people found in roadblocks. “Those setting up roadblocks and denying the safe access of the people are just like Al Shabab.” Colonel Cagey added.

Key Headlines

  • Security forces conduct operation to clean up roadblocks in Lower Shabelle region (Radio Mogadishu/Radio RBC)
  • Four women raped in Hiiran no arrests made (Radio Goobjoog)
  • Parliament to hold another session on motion of no confidence next week – sources (Radio RBC)
  • Five dead as residents battle al-Shabaab militants (Horseed Media)
  • Puntland to intensify anti-terrorism operations (Garowe Online)|
  • Civil society groups express deepening concern over political rifts (Radio Danan)
  • Regional programme skills 1500 women (Daily Monitor)
  • Donors praise Somalia’s progress at Copenhagen conference (Sabahi Online)
  • Four sheikhs laud police for seizing arms (Star)
  • Wajir electricity plant attacked 2 injured in shootings (Sabahi Onlin)
  • International ministers ‘press for progress’ in Somalia (Anadolu Agency)
  • Somaliland migrants dying for a life in Europe (Euronews.com)
  • Somali leader sees Islamist rebels out of towns by year-end (Reuters)

SOMALI MEDIA

Parliament to hold another session on motion of no confidence next week – sources

21 Nov – Source: Radio Kulmiye/RBC – 118 words

Members of the Federal Parliament are planning to hold another session next week to discuss the standing motion of no confidence against the Prime Minister and his cabinet, sources told RBC Radio.

The meeting is scheduled on Sunday or Monday where the MPs are preparing themselves to attend to discuss the motion which will only be possible if the parliament chair delivers the copy of the motion to the parliamentarians.

There has been two violent sittings in the parliament during the past three weeks after rival lawmakers disrupted the session to prevent the motion to be tabled. On Thursday, the Speaker of the Parliament Mohamed Osman Jawari said he was concerned about the violent motion in the parliament.


Security forces conduct operation to clean up roadblocks in Lower Shabelle region

21 Nov – Source: Radio Mogadishu/Radio RBC – 224 words

Somali government forces have conducted heavy operation to clean up illegal roadblocks set up by armed militias in the Lower Shabelle region following constant complaints by the farmers and transport owners in the past weeks. Gunmen purporting to be government forces have set up their own roadblocks to collect revenue from civilian transporters accessing the main road between Mogadishu, the country’s capital and the other parts of the Lower Shabelle region resulting high prices on the grocery markets in Mogadishu.

The association of transport owners and drivers have been continuously protesting against the roadblocks where the armed militias demand huge amount of money forcing many transport owners to go on strike. Lower Shabelle officials and the officials of Somali National Army [SNA] on Tuesday announced the fresh operation in which two dozens of armed men were arrested.

The security forces successfully cleared the road between Afgooye town, which is a farmland town and KM-60. Colonel Ahmed Osman Cagey, the commander of SNA in the region said the operation was meant to create safe access for the locals and to make the lifes of the civilians very simple. He said the security forces were ordered to deal harshly with the armed people found in roadblocks. “Those setting up roadblocks and denying the safe access of the people are just like Al Shabab.” Colonel Cagey added.


Four women raped in Hiiran, no arrests made

21 Nov – Source: Radio Goobjoog – 179 words

According to reports we are getting from Hiran province, four women were raped by armed men who dragged them from the car they were traveling with. This happened 90km west of Baladweyn, the main town of the province.

The district commissioner Mohamed Osman and the Baladweyn Police Station commander Ali Dhuh who commented on the incident said that they sent officers to the concerned area, but could not find any trace of the perpetrators. The officials also told reporters that no rape case has been reported to the police station, and that no women came forward to report any sexual offence. “So that we cannot confirm or deny once there no women who came forward to report any case” said the station commander.

Our reporters who met the some of the victims reported that the women were unwilling to speak to the press, but privately told them that indeed the rape has happened. This is the second time such incident is reported from the same area, a month ago; there were three women who got raped by a gang.


Somalia: Five dead as residents battle al-Shabaab militants

21 Nov – Source: Horseed Media – 178 words

At least five people have died in a fierce battle between local residents and militants from the extremist group al-Shabaab in Central Somalia on Thursday, witnesses confirm. Fighters from the Islamist group attacked the town to demand funds but residents declined and took up arms against the militants, said one of the witnesses who refused to be named.

Gunfire could be heard in several places of the town from early morning, another resident said. Hospital officials were not immediately available to give details of any further casualties. “Three al-Shabaab fighters died during the battle and one of the residents,’’ he added. Business places in the village remained closed while armed residents and al-Shabaab took their dispute to the streets. Similar clashes are increasingly reported in recent weeks as al-Shabaab struggles to retain public support and assert its control over the territories it occupies. Al-Shabaab, which is linked to al-Qaeda, has come under pressure from the AMISOM troops and Somali national army, losing all their major strongholds in Southern Somalia. The group now only controls remote areas.


Puntland to intensify anti-terrorism operations

20 Nov – Source: Radio Garowe – 209 words

Somalia’s North Eastern State of Puntland has declared that it would hone anti-terrorist operations following intelligence briefings on Thursday, Garowe Online reports. Speaking at a press conference in the state capital of Garowe, Puntland Intelligence Agency (PIA) Chief Abdi Hassan Hussein (Abdi Yare) revealed that intelligence briefings disclosed possible terror attacks by Al Qaeda Al Shabaab group in Somalia’s stable Puntland. “We have so far gathered intelligence reports unveiling that Al Shabaab is planning to carry out attacks in Puntland,” said Abdi Yare, adding that the threat ahead is imminent.

Puntland Intelligence Boss further noted that destructive networks are in full force campaign to foment violence, and destabilize the region. He called on ordinary residents not to provide safe haven to terrorists and keep vigil on suspects. The call for tight security by Puntland security agencies has emerged after masked gunmen shot and killed a local journalist in Galkayo which straddles the border between the stable state and south-central regions plagued by chronic insecurity.

8-member panel of UN investigators accused Puntland leadership of weak anti-terrorism policy and piracy links in early October. Al Shabaab militants are believed to have migrated northwards towards the rugged terrain of Galgala as a result of intense military campaign in central and southern Somalia.


Civil society groups express deepening concern over political rifts

20 Nov – Source: Radio Danan – 82 words

Somalia’s civil society groups have expressed serious concern over the prevailing political turmoil in the country with the government of embattled Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed locked in a showdown with the president. Mohamud Hassan, the deputy chair for Sahan party told reporters on Thursday that MP should work towards a solution for ending the current political crisis in the country .He urged Somalia’s political cabinet to perform their duties in accordance with the country’s constitution to save the country from another turmoil after more than two decades of war.

REGIONAL MEDIA

Regional programme skills 1,500 women

21 Nov- Source: Daily Monitor – 288 words

More than 1,500 women and girls living at three Uganda border posts have since 2012 received vocational and entrepreneurial training by a regional non-government organisation, Eastern African Sub-regional Support Initiative for the Advancement of Women (EASSI). The training seeks to create jobs and improve their livelihoods.

According to Ms Elizabeth Ampaire, the programme coordinator, Women and Girls Empowerment Project at EASSI, said the women have been undergoing trainings mainly in candle making, liquid and bar soap making, Jewelry making, peanut paste, farming, bakery and tailoring.

Such areas of training do not require academic papers before one is enrolled and involve less capital investments yet skills attained if applied, are vital for self-employment especially for a vulnerable group-women. The programme is also in other eight African countries of Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania. EASSI was born in 1996 after the Beijing Conference.


Donors praise Somalia’s progress at Copenhagen conference

20 Nov – Source: Sabahi Online – 288 words

International donors gathered at the two-day High Level Partnership Forum on Somalia in Copenhagen issued a communiqué Thursday (November 20th) praising Somalia’s political and security progress and outlining priorities for future efforts.

The communiqué called on the Somali government to establish an Inter-regional Consultative Forum, to complete the constitutional review process in a timely manner, and to establish the National Independent Electoral Commission and the Boundaries and Federation Commission.

The cabinet approved legislation on the two commissions this week, which will go to parliament for approval. The communiqué also praised progress in fighting al-Shabaab, combating piracy, and upholding the rule of law, though it also reflected stakeholders’ concerns over the political feud between the president and Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed.


Four sheikhs laud police for seizing arms

20 Nov – Source: Star – 302 words

A section of Muslim leaders has supported the raid by police on two mosques in Mombasa. They termed the action human and okay, saying criminals cannot be allowed to hide in places of worship. “We are shocked that all that paraphernalia paraded by police for the world to see was found at Masjid Musa and Masjid Sakina. We commend our security officers for the dawn operation,” said a senior sheikh.

Acting on a tip-off from the public, police raided the mosques on Sunday night and recovered grenades, pistols, pangas and Jihad DVDs. A secondary school student who allegedly tried to hurl a grenade at the police was shot dead and 250 youths arrested.


Wajir electricity plant attacked, 2 injured in shootings

20 Nov – Source: Sabahi Online – 252 words

Two people were shot and injured in Wajir town in separate incidents Wednesday night (November 19th), while assailants threw a grenade at a local electricity plant, Tarbaj County Deputy Commissioner David Rotich told Sabahi.

Unknown gunmen shot and injured one person at Muqti Market at about 7:05 pm, Rotich said. Five minutes later, about 500 metres away, another man was shot near Wajir’s Old Mosque. Then at about 7:15 pm, unknown assailants hurled a grenade at the Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) Wajir plant, he said.

“It appears the assailants were targeting to blow up the fuel tank at the KPLC plant in order to plunge the town into darkness,” Rotich said. “Fortunately the explosion did not cause much damage” and no one was injured.

INTERNATIONAL MEDIA

International ministers ‘press for progress’ in Somalia

20 Nov – Source: Anadolu Agency – 158 words

Fifty-six international delegations comprised of more than 300 people have gathered in Copenhagen to review progress on the New Deal Somali Compact aimed at building reconciliation in the beleaguered North African state.

The High Level Partnership Forum Copenhagen (HLPF Copenhagen) meeting in the Danish capital aims to maintain the momentum in the political transition process in Somalia, with a view to fostering dialogue and reconciliation in the country, officials said on Thursday.

Co-chaired by His Eminence Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the President of the Federal Government of Somalia, and the United Nations and hosted by the Danish government, conference delegates reviewed progress made since the Brussels Conference in September 2013, where the New Deal Somali Compact was endorsed.

Danish Foreign Minister Martin Lidegaard said in a statement: “We wish to state clearly that the international society is ready to help Somalia, but also that we demand certain standards from the Somali government.


Somaliland migrants dying for a life in Europe

20 Nov – Source:Euronews.com – 594 words

Every year, thousands of migrants risk their lives attempting to cross the Mediterranean from Africa into Europe. In Somaliland, although the region has escaped much of the conflict and chaos that plagues neighbouring Somalia, many young people are desperate to leave and find a new life elsewhere. The main reason that drives them is a lack of jobs with youth unemployment at around 80 percent.

52-year-old Warabee works at a livestock market in the capital, Hargeisa. His son Jiijile drowned in 2013 as he attempted the risky crossing from Libya to Italy. “My son wanted to improve his life and build a future. Many people earn a lot of money in Europe and many of his friends were already there,” he explained.

The family sold plots of land to pay smugglers to get Jiijile to Italy. Warabee says his 21-year-old son was hopeful and excited about the journey and not deterred by the horror stories of abductions, exploitation and shipwrecks that filter back. Months after his son left, Warabee received a phone call from Libya telling him his son had drowned. He says he can’t bear to talk about it.


Somali leader sees Islamist rebels out of towns by year-end

20 Nov – Source: Reuters – 390 words

Somalia’s president said on Thursday a military campaign would push Islamist al Shabaab fighters out of all towns and major territories by the end of the year, though the militants would still be able to mount guerrilla attacks. African Union and Somali forces have already retaken many strategic towns and ports in recent months, cutting off al Shabaab’s route to the sea and revenue streams, while U.S. air strikes killed the group’s leader in September.

But the al Qaeda-linked group, which has also launched assaults in neighboring Kenya and vowed to fight on under a new leader, still controls tracts of land in southern regions and continues to launch bomb and gun attacks in the capital. President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud told Reuters the offensive would drive the militants away from towns and other territory into the “remote, rural hinterland” by December. “We are planning that by the first quarter of next year there will not be a territory, space, controlled by al Shabaab,” he said in an interview during a donors’ conference in Denmark.

SOCIAL MEDIA

CULTURE / OPINION / EDITORIAL / ANALYSIS / BLOGS/ DISCUSSION BOARDS

“Fighting Al-Shabaab should no longer take centre stage in Somalia’s state-building effort at least not in its current military form.”


Leveraging state-suilding in Somalia: learning from Somaliland’s non-roadmap

20 Nov – Source: African arguments.org – 1164 words

Hope and optimism accompanied the installation of the new Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in September 2012, but today, the administration appears to be drifting towards failure once again. Al-Shabaab remains far from defeated, social fragmentation within Somalia is on the rise, and while corruption continues unabated, political infighting paralyzes the country. Despite initial progress, considerable international support, and the endorsement of a “New Deal Compact” for Somalia at an EU-Somalia conference held in Brussels in September 2013, the joint efforts of the government and its international partners have been unable to translate burgeoning progress into a more sustainable trajectory away from perpetual conflict and fragility.

Although its record is hardly spotless, the self-declared Republic of Somaliland – which declared its independence from Somalia in May 1991, but has not yet gained recognition as a sovereign state by the international community – has fared noticeably better in establishing basic levels of peace and stability. While it is inadvisable to simply transpose alleged lessons learned from Somaliland to Somalia, the former’s experience provides useful insights for the latter’s state-building endeavour. Somali policymakers and their international partners might benefit from taking a closer look at Somaliland’s trajectory, which followed a somewhat unconventional path.


“Somaliland has witnessed the emergence of such a dictator – President Silanyo – who exhibits all the aforesaid comportments and characteristics without exception. He strives to cling to power by any means necessary rendering him a democratically-elected-turned-dictator.”


President Silanyo: Somaliland’s next dictator in the making

21 Nov – Source: Wardheernews.com – 1164 words

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana Certain democratically elected leaders transform gradually into dictators. History has repeatedly attested the blueprints for turning a democratic system into dictatorship. Such blueprints have been employed recurrently in different shapes and forms, some of which are gorier than others. Notwithstanding their brutalities, dictators have distinct characteristics.

Generally, they rule with an iron fist: they suspend the constitution, invoke a petrifying internal foes, cultivate a gangster caste, create surveillance system, harass citizens, employ arbitrary incarceration, terrorize prominent figures, oppress the media, chastise dissent, et cetera. Psychologically, they are exceptionally egocentric, narcissistic, pathological liars, coldhearted, cunning/crafty, vain and possess an unlimited craving for power. Dictators associate themselves with a close-knit bunch of respective family/clan members.

Top tweets

@unicefsomalia #CRC@25; Good news for children in Somaliland. Pilot birth registration launched. Somalia has had a nonfunctional birth reg system for ages

@amisomsomalia  RT @DFATDCanada: A strong #Somalia is a Somalia where women and girls can realize their full potential.#HLPF @TedOpitz @amisomsomalia

@Tuuryare10 #Somalia: Al Shabaab will be defeated at the end of this year says #Somali President. Can Al Shabab be driven out all #Somalia in this year?

@AndreasNeedhamPowerful report on death on the mediterranean sea via  euronews.com/2014/11/20/somali#Somalia #mixedmigration

@DennisOkari In Africa, Kenya is ranked the 3rd most hard-hit by terrorism after Nigeria (Boko Haram) & Somalia (Al Shabaab)#WarOnTerror

@radiogarowe  #Somalia: Puntland to intensify anti-terrorism operations http://bit.ly/1F58cR8

 

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Image of the day

Image of the day

Children playing football after school in Beletweyne, Somalia.
Photo: UNSOM